The Czechoslovakian Uprising of 1958

In 1968, with Czechoslovakia's political, economic, and social problems the communist party replaced Novonty with Alexander Dubcek. Dubcek established a socialist democracy which would give the people the freedom of religion,press, assemble, speech, and the ability to travel out of the country. On the night of Aug. 20, 1968 troops from Russia, Hungary, Bulgaria, East Germany, and Poland occupied Czechoslovakia. After they occupied Czechoslovakia, the Czechoslovakian government declared " invasion was a violation of socialists principals, international law, and the united nations charter."1 On April 17th 1969 Dubcek was replaced Gustav Husak. Just like Dubcek's followers were stripped of party affiliation.





Pictures of the event:

PRAGUE
PRAGUE
Russian miltiary preparing to occupy Czechoslovkia
Russian miltiary preparing to occupy Czechoslovkia


TIMELINE OF EVENTS *

1945 - Soviet troops enter Prague.
1946 - Czechoslovak Communist Party (CPCz) leader Klement Gottwald becomes prime minister in power-sharing government following national elections.
1948 - Communists organize wave of mass protests and strikes. Government crisis leaves Communists with majority in government. Benes resigns as president. Gottwald succeeds him, imposes Stalinist-style rule, complete with party purges.
1952 - Leading Communist figures, including former party Secretary-General Rudolf Slansky, executed having been convicted of treason and espionage at show trials.
1953 - Gottwald dies of pneumonia just days after attending Stalin's funeral. Antonin Novotny succeeds him as CPCz leader, Atonin Zapotocky as president.
1957 - Novotny becomes president after Zapotocky's death.
1960 - Czechoslovakia becomes Czechoslovak Socialist Republic under new constitution.
1963 - Slansky and other victims of Stalinist purges rehabilitated.
1968 January - Alexander Dubcek succeeds Novotny as CPCz leader, embarks on programme of liberalizing reforms known as Prague Spring with the aim of ushering in "socialism with a human face".
1968 August - Soviet-led Warsaw Pact troops invade. Dubcek taken to Moscow and forced to make concessions before returning to Prague to make an emotional plea for cooperation in ending the reforms.
1969 January - Student Jan Palach burns himself to death in protest at occupation by Warsaw Pact armies.
1969 April - Gustav Husak replaces Dubcek as CPCz leader.
1975 - Husak becomes president.
1977 - A group of dissidents including playwright Vaclav Havel publish Charter 77 calling for restoration of civil and political rights.
1987 - Milos Jakes replaces Husak as party leader

PEOPLE INVOLDED

  • Slansky
  • Alexander Dubcek
  • Gustav Husak
INFLUENCE OF THE COLD WAR
Because of this event the tension between the Soviets and the Socialists grew and eventually the communists which is the Soviet Union, took over Alexander Dubcek and replaced him with Gustav Husak.

WHAT WOULD THIS FEEL LIKE?
The emotions that people would feel at this time would be: Depressed and scared because they knew that if RUSSIA/ SOVIET UNION would fire at the Americans they would automatically fire back and with that much Nuclear power, it could end the world.




SOVIET TROOPS
SOVIET TROOPS







Sources: 1 - http://www.state.gov/www/background_notes/czech_9903_bgn.html
* - http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1844842.stm
Works Cited
"Nonviolence in Czechoslovakia, 1968." Essays, Stories & Photos. Web. 12 Jan. 2011. http://www.fragmentsweb.org/TXT2/czechotx.html.

"BBC NEWS | Europe | Timeline: Czechoslovakia." BBC News - Home. 17 Mar. 2003. Web. 12 Jan. 2011. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1844842.stm.

"Background Notes: The Czech Republic." U.S. Department of State. Web. 12 Jan. 2011. http://www.state.gov/www/background_notes/czech_9903_bgn.html.
Cold War Museum. Web. 12 Jan. 2011. <http://www.coldwar.org/articles/60s/CzechoslovakiaUprising.asp>.