Warsaw Pact



The Warsaw Pact is a treaty of mutual defense; the military aid was signed on May 14, 1955 at Warsaw under the Soviet influence of the European countries. Later the Warsaw pact dissolved in 1991.


The treaty was given to Bulgaria, East Germany, Albania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Romania and the Soviet Union in response to West Germany joining NATO. The treaty was signed in 1955 in Poland; it was called “The Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation and mutual Assistance”. The countries that agreed with the pact were bound to help each other out if any were attacked.

The Warsaw pact was a response to NATO (The North Atlantic Treaty Organization), the treaty made by the Western Allies in 1949. As well as the re-militarization of West Germany in 1954, both of these were potential threats to the Eastern countries.warsaw-pact.jpg The Warsaw Pact quickly rapidly became a powerful political tool for the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union was able to oscillate over the allied countries with their military power. Countries had a difficult time backing out of the agreement; if they tried the Soviet Union would move in to stop the uprising; Hungary 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968. The Soviet troops invaded Czechoslovakia after hearing they began to show imperialistic tendencies.”Following the diminishing power of the USSR in the 1980s and the eventual fall of Communism the treaty became redundant. The Warsaw Pact was officially dissolved in Prague in 1991, after successive governments withdrew their support of the treaty.”


Who started the Warsaw Pact



The Soviet Unions started the Warsaw Pact in response for West Germany joining NATO. The Soviet Union was a former communist country in Northern Asian and Eastern Europe that was establisofsu_map.gifhed in 1922 and ended on December 31, 1991. The Soviet Union countries include
  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Turkmenistan
  • Uzbekistan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Tajikistan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Georgia
  • Ukraine
  • Moldova
  • Belarus
  • Lithuania
  • Latvia
  • Estonia
  • Russia.

How NATO and The Warsaw Pact influenced the Cold War


NATO and the Warsaw pact were basically the main reasons for the Cold War. NATO (American’s and West Germany) and Warsaw (Soviet Union and 8 communist countries) despised each other. Through unfriendly political disagreements the countries sent out terrible threats,violent propaganda’s, and other measures of short open warfare.ilw3584.gif1991_Cartoon_1.jpg







Time Line of NATO and Warsaw Pact




1949: April -- NATO signed
1950:-- US general Dwight Eisenhower named supreme NATO commander
1952:-- Greece and Turkey join NATO
1955:-- Western Germany joins NATO
1955: May -- Warsaw Pact formed
1957:-- NATO warns Soviet Union it will meet any attack with available weapons, including nuclear
1960: May -- Soviet Union reveals that U.S. spy plane was shot down over Soviet territory
1968: August -- Soviet troops crush Czechoslovakian revolt
1982: Spain joins NATO
1985: -- Mikhail Gorbachev ascends to power in Soviet Union
1986: -- Gorbachev ends economic aid to Soviet satellites
1989: January -- Soviet troops withdraw from Afghanistan
1989: December -- Communist governments fall in Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Romania; Soviet empire ends
1991: April -- Warsaw Pact ends
1991: August -- End of Soviet Union Cold War Ends
1995: NATO embarks on first military operation against Bosnia Serbs to negotiate peace
1999:Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland join NATO
2002: Seven countries join NATO: Lithuania, Estonia Latvia, Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia
2009: April -- Albania and Croatia join NATO
NATO_vs_Warsaw_(1949-1990).png

NATO(North Atlantic Treaty Organization)


The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or better known as NATO, is a mutual defense alliance that was signed on April 4, 1949. NATO started with 12 core countries: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, The United Kingdom, and The United States. Though NATO's Significance has somewhat decreases, NATO still exists today and holds roughly 28 countries.

510px-History_of_NATO_enlargement.svg.png
(The picture above shows the countries that
joined NATO, andthe different years they joined)

The main reason NATO was formed was because many Western European Nations wanted a mutual protection alliance. This means that if one of the countries involved was attacked all the countries who signed NATO would come to their aid. NATO was mainly signed for military purposes, but it was also signed for economical purposes too. After WWII many European countries were left in shambles and chaos. If Countries signed NATO they would get financial help until they were back on track again. Up until the year 1950 NATO was basically just the U.S giving protection and financial aid to the countries involved, but once countries started getting out of the WWII hangover, they were able to get their economy going. As the Western powers relationships got worse with The Soviet Union, NATO's importance grew majorly. Countries started seeing NATO a back drop for security, and started reling on each other more to over come the grip of The Soviet Union and communism.





Significant individuals for NATO


The idea of NATO started in 1947 with talks by France, Belgium, Britain, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg. In 1948 these countries formed a mutual alliance, and persuaded The United States to join as well. By 1949 U.S.A as well as Canada, Iceland, Denmark, Norway, Italy, and Portugal all agreed to join the military alliance. And so on April 4, 1949, NATO was formed.
truman_nato.jpg

(Leaders of countries involved in NATO, sign military pact, kick starting NATO)


Life during the Cold War



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Imagine living life everyday not knowing if that breath you just took was your last. Now imagine living life everyday not knowing when your last breath is going to be, and realizing you can’t do anything about it but just hope and pray the end of the world doesn’t come. Imagine staring into your child’s eye and not knowing if it’s the last time you’re going to see them alive. Stare into those glistening eyes, that bright smiling face, and then suddenly come to the harsh reality that there’s nothing you can do to save them, to protect them. If the ominous nuclear war ensues, there’s nothing to protect you from a gruesome, grizzly death. Imagine feeling the pain, the helplessness, the vulnerability. Believe it or not this was a real situation, and these were the real emotions people felt during the heat of cold war. People in the United States and the Soviet Union, and in many other parts the world, had this mind set, that the step they just took might be their last. These were very fragile time, and the threat of a nuclear war was very real, and very frightening. Living life not knowing whether or not a nuclear bomb might drop on you is a very scary thing, and I can only dream about how scared some of these people must have felt. We, as the privileged Canadian youth of today, should all thank God that we are so blessed to not live with this kind of threat on our shoulders.



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References

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